AFTCO Fillet Knives have quickly become a staple in the tackle bags of all anglers. Whether on your camping trip filleting walleye or perch, or offshore breaking down a large tuna or swordfish, the AFTCO line of fillet knives are perfect for the job. Now available in five models: the standard 8”, 10”, and 12” lengths, and a flex series in 7” and 9”. But, when you have this knife at home, how do you ensure your knife stays sharp enough to properly break down your catch?
Do I Need To Sharpen My AFTCO Fillet Knife?
AFTCO Fillet knives are made with Boker 4116 Stainless steel featuring a 56-58 on the Rockwell Hardness scale. This makes our filet knife a soft steel knife. Soft steel knives are the result of German Stainless steel and are perfect for flexible knives cutting through small bones like an AFTCO filet knife. The reason you want a soft knife is to reduce micro chips in the knife when hitting rib bones or backbones in a fish. The soft steel's edge, rolls, saving the knife from breaking. Because the edge rolls, it requires consistent honing. Honing a blade takes that rolled edge and brings it back to a straight edge, making it sharp again. When honing a knife, you are not sharpening the knife but rather reshaping the edge. We recommend honing a blade at least every day you use the knife but to ensure the sharpness, it is best to hone your AFTCO filet knife before every single large fish. If your knife does not get honed often, then the blade will continue to roll more and more making your knife feel dull. Once it is rolled too far, no amount of honing will reshape the edge, and you will have to sharpen the blade creating a new edge. Aside from honing though, we do recommend sharpening your AFTCO knife at least once a year, or more, if you use it very frequently.
How To Hone a Knife
There are many techniques to hone a knife. One method that we found useful is to place the tip of a honing steel on a towel to prevent slipping. Then, place your knife at a very slight angle to the honing steel. In a downward motion with light pressure, swipe down, running the whole blade along the steel. Make sure not to forget the tip. Do this on each side equally, approximately 8-10 times. With experience, you will become faster and find the way you prefer to hone your knife. Again, this should be done before using the knife each day.
How To Sharpen a Fillet Knife
Once a year, or sometimes more depending on use, your knife will need a true sharpening. This requires a sharpening stone of some sort. The best fillet knife sharpeners use two styles of stones: water stones, also known as whetstones, and oil stones. We like to sharpen our AFTCO knives with whetstones. The first step is to choose the stone you are going to be using. When knives get very dull and have microchips, they require a coarser grit stone to start with to create a new edge. Think about sandpaper, and the same method applies. We start with a coarse grit such as 300 or 400 to create a new edge. After that, a 3000 to 8000 grit is considered fine grit and will be used for polishing the blade and honing. If you want to use only one stone, a 1000 medium grit stone is recommended.
How To Use a Sharpening Stone
Once you have your whetstone, you may need to soak it in water for at least 20 minutes (preferably 30 minutes). If you bought a “splash and go” stone, you can skip that step. Once you have soaked or prepped the stone, it's time to get started.
The one thing you need to make sure you get right when sharpening fillet knives is keeping a consistent angle on the knife blade as you sharpen. A good tip to know is that a good angle is to place two quarters on your sharpener and lay the top of the knife on the edge of the quarters. Once you remove the quarters, keep that angle as you start sharpening.
A good way to think about it is to sharpen your knife in the direction you normally use your knife. For example, since we slice by pulling with a fillet knife, we should sharpen it in a pulling motion. When sharpening knives that you chop with and push down, we should sharpen them in a pushing motion similar to a downward chop.
Start with a coarse or medium grit stone and hold the knife in your dominant hand. If you are sharpening the 8″, 10″, or 12″ fillet knife, place three to four fingers of your secondary hand on the blade to apply pressure. If you are sharpening the 7″ or 9″ flex blade, use two fingers since the blade is thinner, and make sure to hide any other fingers so they are not open to an accident. Using a slicing motion, run the blade from heel to toe making sure you sharpen the whole blade. Count the amount of times you make the slicing motions.
Make sure to use a base for the stone that has traction, or put a towel underneath the stone to ensure it does not slip. This is extremely important because slipping can mean cutting yourself. You may need to adjust you position a little at the tip to make sure the entire knife gets sharpened.
After making a few sharpening motions on the stone on one side, flip to the other side of the blade and try to keep the same angle you initially used. Repeat the number of strokes you had made previously.
Once you have done the first set of sharpening, you can carefully rub your finger down and away from the cutting edge to feel for a burr. The burr tells you that you have created a new edge and you are ready to move on to the next stone. If you do not feel the burr, that is okay. Continue doing the previous motions in increments of 10 sweeps until you feel a noticeable burr.
Whether you go from coarse to medium or medium to fine, complete the same exact motions for another 30 to 40 strokes on each side. Now that you are on the fine grain, you are going to polish the stone. Since the grain is so fine, it polishes the blade when you strop the blade. Think about old-time westerns where the cowboys used their leather belts to strop their knives. Same thing! But with a polishing stone.
With your fine-grain stone, you can do the same motion as before, making sure you get contact on the whole knife. However, only do it in one direction. Start with 10 strokes on each side, then 8 strokes each side, then 6, 4, 2, and then do one stroke on both sides multiple times. Along with polishing the knife blade, you are also taking off the burr to leave only a precision-sharp knife once you are done.
After sharpening, make sure to hit your knife on your honing steel just a few more times to dial in your edge. Now, it's time to test it on a tomato or a piece of paper ensuring you got the edge you're happy with.
This process may take time and may take practice, but doing it once a year with your knives will ensure you have sharp knives to break down fish of all sizes. If you use a knife often, make sure to sharpen it more frequently. Dull knives cause accidents in kitchens and on boats more than anything else, so please be sure to keep your AFTCO knife sharp and it will last you a lifetime.
AFTCO makes everything you need to properly care for your fish. With everything to get your fish overboard such as gaffs and quickly dispatching your fish with a fish bat or Ike Jime Spike, to the next level fish care Ike Jime Circuit Breakers and fish processing fillet knives, AFTCO has you covered. We also offer all the neccessary resources to learn the correct processes for how to keep fish fresh on the boat, how to fillet a fish, and how to vacuum seal fish.